Fundamental Freedoms - The Charter of Rights and Freedoms
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Mobility Rights
Canadian Navigation, passport, travel

What It Says

Section 6.

  1. Every citizen of Canada has the right to enter, remain in and leave Canada.
  2. Every citizen of Canada and every person who has the status of a permanent resident of Canada has the right
    • a) to move to and take up residence in any province; and
    • b) to pursue the gaining of a livelihood in any province.
  3. The rights specified in subsection (2) are subject to
    • a) any laws or practices of general application in force in a province other than those that discriminate among persons primarily on the basis of province of present or previous residence; and
    • b) any laws providing for reasonable residency requirements as a qualification for the receipt of publicly provided social services.
  4. Subsections (2) and (3) do not preclude any law, program or activity that has as its object the amelioration in a province of conditions of individuals in that province who are socially or economically disadvantaged if the rate of employment in that province is below the rate of employment in Canada.

Lord Tweedsmuir, speech to Engineering Institute of Canada, Montreal, June 15, 1937. Canada is a country of bridges, and the bridge is one of the most beautiful human creations.
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